GOAT

Species         : Capra aegagrus hircus

Diet               : Grass, carrots, leaves 

Reproduction  : Viviparous

Facts             :

- Goats are very intelligent and curious animals. Their curiuosity is shown in their constant desire to explore and investigate anything unfamiliar which they come across.

- They can even climb trees and some species can jump over 1, 5 meters.

- They have excellent night vision and will often browse during the night.


GUINEA PIG

Species            : Cavia porcellus

Diet                 : green grass and vegetables

Reproduction  : Viviparous

Facts                :

- Guinea pigs can’t sweat like humans can and so can get heat stroke if they are left out in the sun or become too hot. They love to sit in the shade whenever possible.

- They can’t see anything straight in front of their noses which means they don’t see what they eat.

- They make lots of different noises when they want to express themselves. This includes squealing, chirping, rumbling, purring and chirping.


PONY

Species          : Equus ferus caballus

Diet                : Grass

Reproduction  : Viviparous

Facts              :

The pony is structurally different from horses as they have thicker necks, shorter legs and shorter heads.

Everyone knows not to stand behind a horse. Our ponies probably won't kick you if they know you are there, but please avoid running up behind them, hitting them, or kicking them while riding.

 


RETICULATED PYTHON

Species           : Python reticulatus

Diet                 : Variety of small to medium sized mammals and also birds.

Reproduction  : Oviparous

Distribution     :  Southeast Asia

Facts               :

- Pythons are constrictors, which mean that they will ‘squeeze’ the life out of their prey.

- Although they are mainly located on the ground or in the trees, pythons are excellent swimmers.

- Size of the prey determines the time needed for digestion. Bigger prey can keep the snake satiated for weeks or months. They can eat prey that twice bigger than their body size.

 


HAMSTER

Species           : Cricetinae

Diet                 : vegetables, fruits, seeds, and nuts.

Reproduction  : Viviparous

Facts               :

- Hamsters can store food in their cheeks, and then eat it later!

- Hamsters are born blind.

- Hamsters can have up to 24 babies at a time!

 


HEDGEHOG

Species           : Erinaceinae

Diet                 : insects, snails, snakes, bird eggs, carrion, mushrooms, grass roots, berries, melons and watermelons.

Reproduction  : Viviparous

Distribution     : parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa, and in New Zealand

Facts               :

- They have about 5000 spines.  Each spine lasts about a year then drops out and a replacement grows. 

- Most hedgehog species will roll into a tight ball if threatened, making it hard for its attacker to get past the spiky defenses.

 


CHICKEN

Species          : Gallus gallus domesticus

Diet                : seeds, insects and even larger animals such as lizards, small snakes or young mice.

Reproduction   : Oviparous

Facts              :

- Chickens are able to remember and recognize over 100 individuals; they can also recognize humans. 

- The chicken is the closest living relative to the great Tyrannosaurus-Rex.

- A chicken can live for a short while without a head! Because the skull of a chicken contains two massive openings for the eyes that allow the brain to be shoved upwards into the skull at an angle of around 45 degrees. This means that while some of the brain may be sliced away, a very important part remains.

- A hen can lay more than 300 eggs a year.

 


GUINEA FOWL

Species            : Numididae

Diet                  : worms and insects on the ground, along with seeds, berries and small mammals and reptiles.

Reproduction     : Oviparous

Distribution        : natively found inhabiting a variety of habitats across the African continent

Facts                :

- The guinea fowl has been introduced to various countries around the world as it is farmed by humans.

- The guinea fowl chicks, known as keets, remain with their mother until they are big enough to fend for themselves.

 


RABBIT

Diet                :  Grass, forbs, and leafy weeds

Reproduction  : Viviparous

Distribution     : Originally Iberian peninsula and northwest Africa but introduced to all continents except Antarctica.

Facts               :

- Happy rabbits practice a cute behavior known as a “binky:” they jump up in the air and twist and spin around!

- Can you guess what other domestic animal is similar to rabbits?  A horse!  They have similar eyes, teeth, and ears (those belonging to many prey animals), as well as a similar diet and behavior.  Clearly, their size is much different.

 


ALDABRA GIANT TORTOISE

Species            : Aldabrachelys gigantea

Diet                 :  grasses, leaves, and woody plant stems

Reproduction  : Oviparous

Distribution     :  the islands of the Aldabra Atoll in the Seychelles

 

 

 

 


RADIATED TORTOISE

Species           : Astrochelys radiata

Diet                 : Grass, eat fruits and succulent plants. A favorite food in the wild is the Opuntia cactus

Reproduction  : Oviparous

Distribution     : southern and southwestern part of the island of Madagascar.

Facts               :

- Tortoises can hide in their shell without breathing for lengthy periods of time because they have a higher tolerance for carbon dioxide in their blood than we do.

- Tortoises do not possess webbed feet. Their legs are round and stumpy adapted to walking on land.

- Tortoises usually have lifespans comparable to human beings.

- They can’t swim, but tortoise can hold their breath for a long time.

- Baby tortoises venture out for food when they are a week old!  The size of the egg and the hatchling depends on the mother tortoise’s size.

- We can determine the sex of the tortoises by their tails. Male tortoises possess long tails while the females have short tails.  Male tails curl to one side.

 


DUCK

Diet                 :  grasses, aquatic plants, fish, insects, small amphibians and worms,

Reproduction  : Oviparous

Facts               :

- Ducks are found everywhere in the world except the Antarctica which is too cold for them.

- The duck’s feet cannot feel cold even if it swims in icy cold water because their feet have no nerves or blood vessels. Web feet are easier to swim with. It allows them to glide as they do when in water but at the same time allows them to walk on land.

- The duck has water-proof feathers.

 


MEERKAT

Species           : Suricata suricatta

Distribution     :  Namib Desert inNamibia and southwestern Angola, and in South Africa

Diet                 :  mainly eat insects but also lizards, snakes, scorpions, spiders, plants, eggs, small mammals, centipedes and fungi.

 Reproduction : Viviparous

Facts               :

Meerkats have excellent eyesight; they can spot predators in the air from more than 300 m away!

They are known for their bold and flamboyant diet and can eat any venomous animal ranging from cobras to scorpions.

Every day, they can dig up to several hundred times more than their body weight.